【国际参考】女孩一周千里骑行载受伤的父亲返乡 COVID19: elle parcourt 1.200 km à vélo avec son père handicapé

— 【印度】,2020年5月23日,墙外媒体

Version française ci-après

印度封城期间,一名15岁的印度女孩骑行1200公里载受伤父亲返乡
据当地媒体报道,乔蒂·库马里 Jyoti Kumari 骑自行车载着其父莫汉·帕斯万,从新德里附近一城市出发,返回位于比哈尔邦东北部的村庄。7天内骑行1200公里(745英里),他们于5月16日到家。
今年3月,为了减缓疫情的蔓延,印度政府突然下令封城,导致数百万民工失业,乔蒂的父亲,身为电动三轮摩托车司机的帕斯万就是其中之一。他们没钱支付房租、购买食物,加上公共交通也停运了,很多民工徒步返乡或像乔蒂和帕斯万一样骑自行车返回远方老家。这对父女用最后的积蓄买了一辆二手自行车,他们的艰辛旅程感动了世界:美国总统特朗普的女儿伊万卡在推特上赞扬乔蒂的行为,称之为“爱的壮举”。

上面视频是法广的采访与报道。下面是英文媒体报道(值得引起我们思考)。后面(法语)是 法国媒体的报道

Ivanka Trump thinks Jyoti Kumari’s story will inspire Indians, but it should shame us

When 15-year-old Jyoti Kumari took her ailing father on her bicycle and drove 1,200 kms over seven days, she didn’t know she would become a global celebrity.

The New York Times called her a “lionhearted girl” who “inspires a nation”, while US President Donald Trump’s daughter Ivanka called her act a “beautiful feat of endurance and love that has captured the imagination of the Indian people”.

When 15-year-old school dropout Jyoti Kumari sat her ailing father behind her on a bicycle and rode 1,200 km, from Gurugram to Darbhanga, Bihar over seven days, to get him home during the Covid-19 lockdown, she probably had no idea that she would become a global celebrity.

It sounds like a warm, fuzzy, feel-good story that should make us all proud. But it isn’t. It is a grotesque romanticisation of a major humanitarian crisis that should make us ashamed.

We’ve seen it before, this kind of poverty porn. People love a good weepy story about a poor person overcoming the odds, because then they can feel less guilty about their own privilege and avoid taking any action against the systemic failure that causes poverty.

Jyoti Kumari’s incredible grit and courage do make for a great tearjerker. But to spin the crisis of labourers in lockdown, India’s largest movement of people since Partition, into a positive story about love and courage is the worst kind of poverty porn.

We get so invested in one story, we forget the root cause

Some would argue that I’m nitpicking, and that it is a good thing that Jyoti’s story has gone viral since she is not only being given school admission, but also an invitation from the Cycling Federation of India to try out for the national team.

Of course, it would be wonderful if her life turned around. But it would also be extremely naïve to think it will happen overnight. It takes years of training to reach even trial level in sports. To call in someone who has never trained, to “see if she satisfies the seven or eight parameters to get selected”, is yet another way for the authorities to say they gave her a chance, plus an air-conditioned train ride, till they eventually wash their hands of it all if she doesn’t pass.

The problem is that we get so obsessed with one individual story that catches our fancy, so caught up in its potential to put a happy spin to a dire situation, that we forget the circumstances that led to the story.

The quick fix that fixes nothing

Indians clamouring for the death penalty for the perpetrators of the December 2012 Delhi bus gang rape and murder revealed a similar psychology. We claim the death penalty gave closure to the family of the victim, but forget that laws don’t exist to provide closure to one family. Laws exists to serve a wider notion of civilised society, and the death penalty will never strike the root of the problem. Neither will, for example, banning TikTok.

In similar vein are those annual paeans to the ‘spirit of Mumbai’ and the city’s ‘resilience’ because while the city crumbles every monsoon, the local kirana store guy will still wade through knee-deep rainwater to deliver your supplies. #SpiritofMumbai is just code for people who have no choice but to carry on in the face of rotten institutional apathy.

On the other side of this poverty porn coin is the PR machinery for the establishment. It was certainly nice that the CRPF helped Mohammed Arif, a Mumbai-based watchman who was cycling from Mumbai to Jammu to meet his ailing father. But isn’t that part of the job of being a public servant — to help and serve the public? Our problem is that we have such embarrassingly low standards that our authorities become heroes for doing their jobs. We make martyrs and legends out of people like Jyoti Singh Pandey and Jyoti Kumari, who didn’t choose their difficult circumstances or the crimes committed against them.

Of course, we are all rooting for Jyoti Kumari. It’s great that her story caught our attention and she’s getting a chance to turn her life around. But the fact that it took a pandemic and a humanitarian crisis to do even that is shameful. And she is just one person. There are many millions who are trying to cycle or walk home. Where are their stories, their national sport team trials and school admissions?

The issue is not that this story is making waves, it is the tone (or tone deafness) with which it is being reported. It is not a joyful tale of love, or as The New York Times crudely put it, “a story that gets even better”. It is a horrifically sad story that should raise questions about institutional accountability. It should make those reporting the story and those reading it deeply uncomfortable and angry. It should make the government vow (and make good on that vow) that no other Jyoti Kumari should have to go through such a debilitating struggle again.

Inde : une adolescente parcourt plus de 1200 km à vélo avec son père handicapé

C’est un exploit qui pourrait bien changer la vie de cette adolescente, qui a avalé tous ces kilomètres avec son père sur le porte-bagages de son vélo.

Les super-héros et les super-héroïnes ne portent pas toujours des capes. En Inde, une adolescente de 15 ans et son père ont dû quitter New Delhi, dans un pays étranglé par la crise économique et la Coronavirus.

Jyoti Kumari achète alors en seconde main un vélo de ville fuchsia, avec un petit panier à l’avant, pour une vingtaine d’euros. Son père, chauffeur de taxi handicapé ne peut pas pédaler, elle doit donc assurer seule les 1.200 kilomètres du chemin retour avec son père et une valise sur le porte-bagages. Vêtue de rouge, un petit anneau dans le nez, elle raconte son histoire à la télévision locale. Elle explique qu’en voyant à la télé des gens rentrer à vélo, elle a eu la même idée.

Son père lui a répété qu’elle n’y arriverait pas, mais elle n’a pas voulu abandonner. En une semaine, elle parcourt les 1.200 km, son histoire fait le tour de l’Inde. Elle est surnommée “la jeune femme au cœur de lion“. Le président de la fédération indienne de cyclisme, impressionné par sa performance, veut lui faire passer un test. Il en est persuadé : elle a un don. Jyoti Kumari, très enthousiaste, rêve surtout de reprendre ses études.

Elle est attendue le mois prochain à New Dehli, mais cette fois-ci, la fédération de cyclisme s’est engagé à lui payer le trajet en transport. Pour l’instant, la jeune fille est confinée dans le logement familial avec sa mère et ses frères et sœurs, tandis que leur père est dans un centre d’isolement.

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